Author: Jana Nemeckova, published: 9th October 2018

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Nasrullah was born in 1940, and his pedigree remains impressive even after 80 years. He was by the great Nearco out of Mumtaz Begum, who was a winning daughter of Blenheim and "The Flying Filly" Mumtaz Mahal. Nasrullah lived up to his legacy: he was the top-rated two-year-old in 1942, and finished fourth in the Two Thousand Guineas and third in the Derby Stakes. He closed his racing career with an impressive victory in the Champion Stakes. These results were not a bad achievement at all, but they were nothing compared to what Nasrullah unleashed at stud.

The first thing we have to note is Nasrullah was a tail-male ancestor of Seattle Slew, about whom was the previous profile. But this was only a piece in the mosaic of Nasrullah's success, and many other stories preceded.

Line in the scheme

Historical overview

Nasrullah entered stud in 1944 in Ireland. His first crop of foals included the Irish Derby winner Nathoo, as well as Noor, who finished third in the Epsom Derby. Noor was sold to Charles Howard in 1948 and sent to the United States, where he became legendary archrival to the great Citation. In the upcoming years, Nasrullah sired five classic winners from six crops. The last one was the U.S.-born Never Say Die, who earned his sire the Epsom Derby victory in 1954.

Nasrullah also left several good sires in Europe. The first of them was a good sprinter Grey Sovereign, who has the own sireline in this analysis. He was followed by a minor stakes winner Princely Gift, whose sireline included the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Rheingold, as well as the Japanese leading sire Tesco Boy. The third name was the Irish stallion Red God, a former good juvenile. His son Blushing Groom was both the European champion racehorse and the leading sire but spent his entire stud career in the United States. At this point, I refer to timelines of Nasrullah's line, which show Japanese exodus of Princely Gift's descendants, and also a total sell-off of all good sons of Never Say Die. Both these circumstances influenced the development of the European part of Nasrullah's line.

Nasrullah was sold to Arthur Hancock in 1950 and spent the remaining years at Claiborne Farm until his death at the age of 19. He sired eight more champions in the United States: the first was the British-bred Noor, who was followed by legendary colts Nashua and Bold Ruler. All three are also members of the U.S. Racing Hall of Fame. Other names include a pair of the champion two-year-old fillies Nasrina and Leallah, the champion two-year-old colts Nadir and Never Bend, the champion three-year-old colt Jaipur, and the champion older dirt male horse Bald Eagle.

Nasrullah became the North American leading sire five times. He received his last title in 1962, and his son Bold Ruler immediately took over the throne in 1963. Bold Ruler held the title for seven years in a row, and once again in 1973, thanks to Secretariat. T.V. Lark, a grandson of Nasrullah, earned the title in 1974, and the next two years belonged to What a Pleasure, a son of Bold Ruler. Raja Baba, another son of Bold Ruler, gave the line its 17th title in 1980, and Seattle Slew closed the "old" era in 1984. Cozzene, a grey descendant of Grey Sovereign, was a leading sire in 1996, and A.P. Indy and his son Tapit added five more titles in the 21st century. Nasrullah's first American foals hit the track in 1953, and from the next 66 years, the line took 24 titles of the leading North American sire. Is there something more to say?

The line also produced no less than 58 classic winners in major European countries and North America. Seattle Slew's line is responsible for another eight, and Grey Sovereign's line added eighteen more. All these numbers suggest it's wholly impossible to comment on the whole line in detail. Let's mention only the line's most famous names. Bold Ruler was the ancestor of three legendary American horses: the Triple Crown winners Secretariat and Seattle Slew, and grey champion Spectacular Bid. As for Europe, Red God sired the above mentioned Blushing Groom, who went on to sire another great racehorse and successful sire Rainbow Quest. Another European colt with American roots was Mill Reef, who is still considered one of the best racehorses ever. Mill Reef became the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland, and left great classic heritage in Europe, including his son Shirley Heights. The third name is the French classic winner Riverman, a paternal half-brother to Mill Reef by the U.S. juvenile champion Never Bend. Riverman later sired brilliant miler and great damsire Irish River, among others.

Discussion: why the line was chosen

In Seattle Slew's profile, I made only a short note that Bold Ruler wasn't able to get his sireline. It may sound weird, because he was even more successful sire than Nasrullah himself, considering the number of titles of the North American leading sire. And he wasn't too far behind in a number of the champions, which was seven: juveniles Successor, Queen of the Stage, and Vitriolic, the champion three-year-old male Wajima, the champion older male Bold Bidder, and multiple champions Gamely and Secretariat.

Bold Ruler was supposed to be the crown prince of the dynasty, but history had different plans. For a small proof, let's take a look at the scheme above. All we have to do is to compare descendants of Bold Ruler with descendants of Red God and Never Bend. The latter two have four and five generations of descendants already, and these are often young sires. But as for Bold Ruler, the line virtually stopped after the second generation. None of its classic winners in the third generation was able to succeed, except Seattle Slew, whom we discussed in the previous part.

I have to emphasize that Bold Ruler's tail-male descendants created several small branches outside the sphere of classic races. To make this subject clear, let's name them:

All these lineages are familiar, and all of them left a mark at the grade 1 level. But even a brief look at these names suggests that Bold Ruler's historical dominance is long gone.

For a better perspective, let's directly compare Bold Ruler and Nasrullah. Nasrullah had no less than five tail-male descendants which extended the line into the 21st century. The first was Bold Ruler himself via Seattle Slew, and the second was Grey Sovereign, whom I'll present in the next article. The remaining three were the classic-winning grandsons of Nasrullah, and I already mentioned their names: Blushing Groom, Mill Reef, and Riverman. All of them added their part to the unbelievable spark of talents in Europe in the 1970s and early 1980s, as you can see in the scheme above.

Bold Ruler's classic dominance on the other side of Atlantic, which took place in the 1970s, was no less impressive. But the only successful modern branch is the one of Seattle Slew, and I already explained in detail why it's more logical to take out his line instead of Bold Ruler's.

Five living branches fully justify Nasrullah as the "sireline founder" in the analysis, but they also prove that Bold Ruler was no match for his sire from the historical perspective. Another evidence can be the closing scheme of current horses in pedigrees. Bold Ruler has the largest representation there, but only three sires born in the 1980s, and one from the 1990s. At the same time, the youngest tail-male descendants of both Mill Reef and Blushing Groom in the scheme were born in the 21st century.

Other major branches

The most successful runners aren't always the most successful sires, and Nasrullah's line is no exception. Many of his tail-male descendants, even though less-fashionable sires, were able to influence the top bloodlines. The following names are often familiar to pedigree enthusiasts, and they deserve a short commentary here.

Indian Hemp ran second in the King Edward VII. Stakes, a future G2 race, and subsequently competed on the approximately same level in the U.S. handicaps up to ten furlongs. He sired several good horses, including T.V. Lark, the champion turf male horse in 1961. For the record, it was the season when T.V. Lark defeated the Horse of the Year Kelso in the Washington D.C. International. T.V. Lark became the North American leading sire in 1974, which was also the year when his granddaughter Chris Evert won the Eclipse Award for the champion three-year-old filly. Her half-sister All Rainbows produced legendary filly Winning Colors fifteen years later. T.V. Lark's sons T V Commercial, Quack, and Buffalo Lark also proved good damsires, as they influenced stallions like Bertrando and Roman Ruler, or the champion two-year-old filly Countess Diana.

Rego reportedly won only three of his 34 races. His dam was a half-sister to Nephisto, who won two legs of the Canadian Triple Crown when Rego was a yearling, and her foal by Nasrullah was attractive enough for Australian breeders. Rego didn't have massive success, but he made history with his son Baguette and grandson Century. Century, a son of the champion sire Better Boy from the Djebel's line, became the leading Australian sire in 1978 / 1979. Baguette never touched this honor, but he left the army of G1 progeny, including his paternal grandson Rory's Jester, himself an influential sire. The sireline was still active at a grade level in 2016 but seems to be slowly disappearing. However, Rory's Jester is a damsire of talented young sire Not a Single Doubt, and it's almost sure the whole line won't disappear from the bottom of Australian pedigrees for a long time.

Princely Gift's pedigree was a textbook case of classic inbreeding, but the colt ran only second to a future classic winner Darius in the July Stakes at two, and later won two minor stakes sprints. However, this is only a part of the story. Princely Gift, already considered a solid sprinter, improved rapidly in the autumn of his four-year-old campaign and concluded his career with three consecutive victories. The last one came in the Portland Handicap, where Princely Gift broke the course record of Doncaster, carrying 130 pounds. A postscript to this victory was the Timeform rating 137, which remains the eleventh best of all time. It ranks Princely Gift alongside Never Say Die, Montjeu, or Troy, and only one pound below Nijinsky or American Pharoah. So much for the explanation of his background.

Princely Gift became influential broodmare sire, and his descendants include Dominion, Grundy, Don't Forget Me, or Stay Gold. Also, Princely Gift's classic-placed son Faberge sired Rheingold, who won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and equaled his grandsire with the Timeform rating 137. Several other sons of Princely Gift left a mark, including Floribunda, the third sire of Acclamation, and Rich Gift, a damsire of Strawberry Road. Princely Gift's son Tesco Boy later wrote a story on his own. He was one of the top three-year-olds of 1966 and placed in several major races, including the Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes and the Champion Stakes. He was sent to Japan after his first year at stud and became Japanese leading sire six times. His son Tosho Boy sired the JRA Hall of Fame member, Mr. C. B. The line is still alive with an active sire Shonan Kampf, a son of Sakura Bakushin O. This is a familiar name to racing fans thanks to his grandson Kitasan Black, who was voted the Japanese Horse of the Year in 2016 and 2017.

Nashua was the excellent broodmare sire, who became immortal by producing dams of Roberto and Mr. Prospector. However, his son Good Manners wrote another part of the thoroughbred history. Only a minor stakes winner in the United States, Good Manners was sold to Argentina right after his racing career. He led the Argentinian leading sires' list in 1979 and was among the top 5 three more times. He was also among the top 10 broodmare sires eight times. He left several tail-male descendants, who got into the top 10 of either list: a successful broodmare sire Farnesio, the double champion sire and champion broodmare sire Ahmad, and also Friul, who was closely related to the influential international sire Forli. Ahmad's son Potrillazo was second on the sires' list in 2000, and Friul's son Engrillado was a regular member of the top 20 of both lists. The latest triumph of the line was Interprete, who never became the leading broodmare sire in the shadow of Southern Halo, but was second five times and third four more times in the past nine years.

Bold Ruler's descendant Super Concorde, his son Big Shuffle and grandson Areion were the subjects of discussion in the previous article. So let's go right to Candy Stripes, a lightly-raced chestnut colt, who ran second in the Poule d'Essai des Poulains 1985. He spent his stud career in Argentina and also stood for four years in the United States during the northern hemisphere breeding season. Candy Stripes was third on the Argentinian leading sires' list in 2000, and three more times in the top 10. He became famous as a sire of Invasor, the Triple Crown winner and the Horse of the Year in Uruguay, and subsequently also the Horse of the Year in the United States. Another son Leroidesanimaux was the U.S. champion turf male in 2005 and later sired the Kentucky Derby winner Animal Kingdom. But there are two even more important paths: Candy Stripes was among the top 5 broodmare sires nine years in a row, and his best grandson is proven U.S. stallion Candy Ride. And finally, Candy Stripes' son Equal Stripes was never worse than thirteenth on the Argentinian leading sires' list, and six times in the top 10, including the second place in 2017. This branch is one of the main hopes of the Blushing Groom's branch, and possibly also of the whole Nasrullah line.

Fleet Nasrullah was a brilliantly fast handicap horse in the late 1950s. He's commonly present in many North American pedigrees, as well as his grandson Flying Paster, the Californian Horse of the Year and later also the leading sire. Flying Paster was defeated four times by no-one else than Spectacular Bid, including his track record in the Malibu Stakes, and the new world record in the Strub Stakes. Flying Paster became a damsire of Yankee Gentleman, and thus also the influence in the pedigree of American Pharoah.

Nasram was the U.S.-bred colt, who upset the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes as a highlight of several good efforts in France. Nasram spent his entire stud career in France, where he bred Iskra, a daughter of Le Haar. The resulting foal was born in the United States and named Naskra. The colt ran third in the Blue Grass Stakes behind subsequent Kentucky Derby winner Dust Commander, and third in the Belmont Stakes behind High Echelon. He also placed in several valued handicap races. His son Star de Naskra was a member of Affirmed and Alydar's crop and ran third behind them in the G1 Laurel Futurity. He also lost the American Derby G2 to another son of Naskra, Nasty And Bold, but also defeated Alydar in the 1979 Carter Handicap. Star de Naskra subsequently won the Whitney Handicap and was voted the U.S. champion sprinter. He was a good sire, but it was Naskra himself who made history with his great-grandsons Maria's Mon and More Than Ready.

Branch of Mill Reef and Shirley Heights belongs to those classic ones within Nasrullah's line, but there's one more story to tell. Shirley Heights' son Elegant Air was a homebred for Paul Mellon and won the Tattersalls Gold Cup at a distance of 10 furlongs in addition to a pair of G3 victories. Elegant Air entered stud at the age of five, and his first crop of foals included two G1 winners. Air du Rhien won the Prix Saint-Alary after a third-place finish in the Prix de Diane, and Dashing Blade won both the National Stakes and the Dewhurst Stakes at the age of two. Dashing Blade's three-year-old campaign was postponed due to injury, and the colt failed in the Two Thousand Guineas, as well as at Royal Ascot. His trainer sent him to France, where he won the Prix Eugene Adam and subsequently ran second to former classic winner Turfkonig in the Bayerisches Zuchtrennen in Germany. He failed again in the International Stakes but finally got his G1 triumph in the Gran Premio d'Italia. A subsequent injury forced his retirement at the end of the season.

Elegant Air died in 1990 after only five seasons at stud. His son Dashing Blade spent one season at Littleton Stud and then was sold to Gestut Etzean in Germany for the 1992 breeding season. He became the German leading sire in 1998 and left many useful horses before his death at the age of 26. The most famous descendant of Dashing Blade was his granddaughter Stacelita, a classic victress in France and the champion female turf horse in the United States. But three years earlier, a chestnut filly named Loveria, a member of the famous German family of Love In, gave birth to Lord of England. The chestnut colt ran third in the Gran Criterium G1 in Italy at the age of two, as well as in the German Two Thousand Guineas at three. He landed his big victory in the Bayerisches Zuchtrennen G1, where he defeated French G1 winner and classic-placed colt Laverock, as well as Almerita, a winner of the German Oaks. Lord of England is an active stallion at Gestut Etzean, and he sired classic winners Fedora and Isfahan, as well as several other classic-placed foals. Lord of England is currently one of the hopes of the whole line for the future, but this is already a thing for further discussion.

Branches in analysis

We need one more final perspective to understand the whole division of the Nasrullah's line. I stated several times already that Bold Ruler's branch is fading. But in fact, this is true for the whole sireline of Nasrullah. I'll present several figures from the last year's analysis, which remained unfinished, but the numbers are still very expressive. They show the percentual share of sirelines in particular generations of pedigrees of the G1 winners. While the Seattle Slew's line is growing confidently, Nasrullah's regression is rapid.

Sireline5th gen.4th gen.3rd gen.2nd gen.1st gen.
Seattle Slew0.

Why is it so? Let's count the branches. I discussed both Bold Ruler and Seattle Slew already. Princely Gift suffered from massive exports, and besides, he never set any strong paternal line. The same is true for Nashua, whose Argentinian branch consisted of strong broodmare sires. Indian Hemp, Fleet Nasrullah, and Nasram became strictly local American influence. So was Rego in Australia. Very quickly we are left only with Red God and Never Bend. Now let's see what happened.

Red God's son Blushing Groom looked like a dynasty founder at one point. He sired the Canadian champion Runaway Groom, who spent his entire stud career in Kentucky, as well as his son Cherokee Run. The royally-bred talented miler Rahy retired to Three Chimneys Farm. An extremely strong duo of classic winners Rainbow Quest and Nashwan remained in Great Britain, and so did phenomenal Arazi at the beginning of his stud career. However, Nashwan was only a good sire, not a line successor, and his brilliant son Bago was sent directly to Japan. Arazi as a stallion toured five countries and considering talent he showed at the racetrack, he was a total failure at stud. Rahy proved to be a better damsire, and his son Noverre spent only five years in Ireland before his export to India.

Rainbow Quest is a difficult one to judge. He looked like a classic sire at the beginning of his stud career but ended up as the leading broodmare sire of Great Britain and Ireland in 2003 and 2004. His broodmare record is equally impressive as the scheme of his classic-winning sons above: the Derby Stakes winners North Light and Kris Kin, the Two Thousand Guineas winner Footstepsinthesand, the Oaks Stakes winner Look Here, the highweighted older horse Rakti, and also his great-grandson Frankel and the Oaks-winning great-granddaughter Talent. Rainbow Quest's sons complicated the situation further. The Derby Stakes winner Quest For Fame began his stud career in the United States but was relocated to Australia for good after several years. Saumarez became only a damsire of classic winners Authorized, Gentlewave, and Les Beaufs in France, and was eventually sent to South Africa. Spectrum, who sired classic winner Golan and several other good horses in Ireland, shuttled to Australia and then followed Saumarez to South Africa. Spectrum's son Golan, the classic horse in every inch of his pedigree and also in every single race, began his stud career at Coolmore, but was sent to Grange Stud as a national hunt sire after only four seasons, and was eventually exported to Russia. Nedawi, a non-fashionable St. Leger-winning son of Rainbow Quest, spent his entire stud career in Brazil.

And finally, we have Candy Stripes as the last and local son of Blushing Groom. His son Equal Stripes seems to be in good form as a stallion, but the racing world surely had higher hopes for Leroidesanimaux. He sired the Kentucky Derby winner Animal Kingdom in just the second crop but virtually almost nothing else. Crimson Knight ran second in the G2 Tampa Bay Derby, Temples Door ran second in the G2 San Gabriel Stakes, Leroy's Dynameaux won the G3 Will Rogers Stakes in California, and Marfach ran second in the G3 Tyros Stakes. All these results were only random, and we can hardly expect that any of these sons of Leroidesanimaux will make it as a sire. Animal Kingdom entered stud in 2013 in Australia, and subsequently in 2014 in the United States. He has his first three-year-olds this season, including a pair of G2-placed horses, as well as the Australian colt Peaceful State, who ran third in the Australian Guineas G1. Anyway, it's too soon to make any conclusions on both his success and hopes for the future.

So, what effectively remains of Blushing Groom's great heritage? All major sons of Rainbow Quest were exported, as well as Rahy's son Fantastic Light and Noverre, and Bago by Nashwan. What is left are several non-fashionable descendants of Cherokee Run in the United States, including Kafwain and several sons of War Pass. Noverre's son Le Havre is active in France, but he has only his fabulous daughters Avenir Certain and La Cressonniere so far. Animal Kingdom is too young, but also well-positioned at Darley America. And finally, Equal Stripes is active and bears a lot of hope in Argentina.

To have four successful and promising stallions at three different places worldwide isn't a bad achievement at all. Bago is still possibly the fifth one in Japan, as his last detectable foals are two-year-olds of 2018. But how does it look like for one of only two living branches of Nasrullah...? That's the question. Especially considering this is the stronger one of the two remaining lines.

Mill Reef's case was somewhat similar to Blushing Groom's. Mill Reef became the leading sire of Great Britain and Ireland in 1978 and once again nine years later. He sired three Derby winners and two Guineas winners until the late 1980s, and classic potential of the line seemed almost limitless. Especially after Shirley Heights sired the Prix du Jockey Club winner Darshaan, a member of the same crop as Rainbow Quest, and subsequently also the Derby Stakes winner Slip Anchor only a year later.

But this dynasty went down like a house of cards as well. Mill Reef's first Derby winner Acamas proved infertile. Glint of Gold died at the age of twelve with no striking success. The Irish 2,000 Guineas winner Wassl spent only five years at stud in Ireland but what he left was too little even for this short period. The Breeders' Cup Turf winner Lashkari died at the age of 16, but his almost only noticeable descendant was his grandson Sinndar. Reference Point, who was the highest-rated son of Mill Reef with Timeform 139, died at the age of seven after fracturing his leg at Dalham Hall Stud. Still, he left only several good fillies from four crops. Mill Reef also had several both flat and national hunt sires, who were successful only locally.

Acamas won the Prix du Jockey Club in 1975, and Shirley Heights scored in both the Derby Stakes and the Irish Derby 1975, making Mill Reef the only stallion in the whole history who ever achieved this tremendous treble. This feat remained forbidden even for Sadler's Wells, and also for Galileo so far. But the history repeated itself several times along the line, and Shirley Heights was no exception. His Derby Stakes winner Slip Anchor spent 20 years at stud but didn't leave a single good son. High Estate surprised everybody with his Derby-winning son High-Rise, but he toured four countries with no success as a sire, and High-Rise himself did similarly wrong in Japan. Darshaan, the last major son of Shirley Heights, is the more complicated story to tell.

Shirley Heights himself was a damsire of In the Wings, as well as an ancestor of many G1 horses via his daughters. His son Deploy entered history books as a broodmare sire of Dubawi. Darshaan followed this trend as the leading broodmare sire of Great Britain in 2002 and 2013, and it would be difficult to write down all his great progeny. Let's mention Sendawar, High Chaparral, Alamshar, Azamour, Islington, Shawanda, Alborada, or Marienbard, who were followed by many other good horses. Darshaan had to wait seven years for his first male classic winner Mark of Esteem, who won the Guineas, and seven more for the superb classic runner Dalakhani. Mark of Esteem seems to be a promising broodmare sire too, and his Derby Stakes victor Sir Percy is a bitter disappointment for anyone who was hoping for a male successor of the line. Dalakhani, on the other hand, established himself as a solid sire, but his best progeny are stayers. Including his Prix du Jockey Club winner Reliable Man, who traveled three countries during six years at stud, and finally got to France after four years in Germany.

Shirley Heights' son Elegant Air, an unexpected successor of the line thanks to Dashing Blade, was mentioned in detail a few paragraphs before.

Now let's get back to Mill Reef, whose last major son Doyoun was born 13 years after Shirley Heights. Doyoun won the Two Thousand Guineas and ran third in the Derby Stakes, which made him another big hope of the line. However, Doyoun's first classic winner was born from his fifth crop and remained the only one. It was Dalakhani's older half-brother Daylami, who became one of the most remarkable turf runners of the end of the century with seven G1 victories and championship titles on both sides of Atlantic. There were high hopes in Daylami too, but he also sired the only classic horse in the Irish Derby winner Grey Swallow. Another son of Doyoun was Kalanisi, a respectable rival to both Fantastic Light and Giant's Causeway, but his stud results were almost poor. Doyoun's daughters are already ancestresses of such horses as Zarkava and Almanzor, and Daylami's grandsons Arcano and Pierro suggest he'll fit this line trend too.

And that's virtually it. Mill Reef's only active descendants Grey Swallow, Sir Percy, and Reliable Man are all quite unfashionable stallions. And so is Tin Horse as the descendant of Mill Reef's paternal half-brother Riverman. Riverman was the leading sire in France but his branch never really established any strong line like both previous dynasties. Both Riverman and his best son Irish River were excellent damsires, and other minor stallions of the line had a similar type of progeny. The sireline received a surprising boost by the end of the century with the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Sakhee, who subsequently ran second in the Breeders' Cup Classic on dirt. It didn't help the line though, as Sakhee sired only one classic winner from thirteen crops of racing age. This colt, the Poule d'Essai des Poulains winner Tin Horse, has only an Italian G3-placed filly as his top earner so far.

This overview may seem a tad too long and detailed, but it should enable a summation of several facts. The most important of them is probably the development of European dynasties of Nasrullah's grandsons and their characteristics, as well as causes of their loss of strength in recent decades. And subsequently, a recognition of the real situation of Nasrullah's whole sireline, which is not good at all. Mill Reef and Riverman, two traditional pillars of the top European breeding, have only a few random unfashionable stallions. On the other hand, Blushing Groom is getting into the position of a rescuer of the whole line. When guessing between him and Mill Reef in this situation, I'm sure the majority of people would choose the latter one.

And finally, it should be clear now why I set the 'sireline' the way I did. None of its branches deserves this title in the current situation. Let's be aware of Blushing Groom, who could get into a similar position as Seattle Slew with some good luck. However, we have to wait for the answer to this question at least several years or maybe decades. Let's keep our fingers crossed, as it would be beneficial for the whole breed, especially considering that both Equal Stripes and Animal Kingdom have extraordinarily strong local influences in their pedigrees.

Now we can get to the definition of branches in the analysis.

They are pretty clear now. Blushing Groom and Mill Reef deserve a designation with no doubt. Blushing Groom as the most hopeful branch for the future, and Mill Reef as the most important one from the past. The same applies to Bold Ruler in the United States.

The fourth branch will belong to the lineage of Super Concorde - Big Shuffle - Areion, as discussed in the previous article. It may not seem appropriate from the international perspective, but they are getting very nice numbers in Germany. This branch will help with their bloodline designation within Germany, and it will also help to divide the total numbers within Nasrullah's line. I don't want to anticipate final results of the analysis here, but as of July, the preliminary numbers at least suggest that Super Concorde's branch can even be the strongest one within the whole line. And this situation deserves recognition with no doubt.

There may be a little doubt about the name of this branch, but I refer to the Foreword at this point. Super Concorde is a quite familiar name, thanks to both his efforts on the racetrack and his half-brother Seattle Slew. On the other hand, Big Shuffle remains only a local name.

Nasrullah's line in pedigrees of 2018

Please note this scheme dates back to July 2018. We will update it with remaining stallions once the analysis of the 2018 racing season is complete.

Next chapter:

Grey Sovereign