Canadian Triple Crown

Author: Jana Nemeckova, published: 11th January 2018, updated: 2nd October 2018. A quick switch for the full-screen version.

Triple Crown

The Canadian Triple Crown differs from its American counterpart in several aspects. It takes place later in the season, beginning with June or July, in spite of traditional early May start of the American version. And more importantly, each race is contested over a different surface, which is an unusual requirement for modern thoroughbreds.

Distances are the same as in the American version although they also varied over the years. The Queen's Plate, for example, was contested at several distances from one to two miles. And speaking of this race, it's not only the oldest race in Canada but also older race than any leg of the American Triple Crown. The first edition of Queen's Plate dates back to 1860, which was seven years earlier than the first running of the Belmont Stakes.

However, the American Triple Crown was compiled incomparably faster. The concept of the Triple Crown emerged late, approximately in the 1920s, but all future legs of the Triple Crown were founded in the span of mere 14 years. The situation in Canada was completely different. The youngest of the Canadian Triple Crown races, the Prince of Wales Stakes, was established in 1929, which made the whole series impossible for almost seventy years after the first running of the Queen's Plate. However, it took even 17 more years before the race was held annually. During this period, from 1929 to 1946, three horses won the Triple Crown, and two others lost their chance only because there were just two races.

The Canadian Triple Crown was officially established in 1959, and seven horses won the whole series since then. In 2014, the Canadian Hall of Fame honored five more horses who won the series prior to its formal establishment.

Canadian Triple Crown series
Queen's Plate1860WoodbineToronto, Ontario
Prince of Wales Stakes1929Fort ErieFort Erie, Ontario
Breeders' Stakes1889WoodbineToronto, Ontario
Canadian Triple Crown series - II.
Queen's Plate1 1/4mtapetaJune / July
Prince of Wales Stakes1 3/16mdirtJuly
Breeders' Stakes1 1/2mturfAugust

The Canadian Triple Crown has several curiosities. It has the same pair of a sire and his son, who won the Triple Crown, like the U.S. pair of Gallant Fox and Omaha - it's Canadian Champ, the winner from 1956, and his son Canebora, who won only seven years later.

It has also its consequent winners - not only two like the U.S. Triple Crown, but three in a row - With Approval, Izvestia, and Dance Smartly from 1989 to 1991; they were closely followed by Peteski in 1993.

Kinghaven Farms bred and owned two winners of the Triple Crown - grey colts With Approval and Izvestia, who shared the same granddam, the Canadian Oaks winner Cool Mood. Both colts were trained by Roger Attfield, who added his third Triple Crown winner three years after Izvestia, with a chestnut colt named Peteski. Who was, by the way, son of the U.S. Triple Crown winner Affirmed.

Another double breeder - owner was Edward P. Taylor, who bred and owned not only winners New Providence and Canebora but also bred Canebora's sire Canadian Champ, who was later owned by Bill Beasley during his career.

And finally, unlike the U.S. Triple Crown, Canadian equivalent has a female winner - or two of them, to be exact. The very first horse ever who won the Canadian Triple Crown was a chestnut filly Queensway in 1932 - one year after her half-brother Froth Blower maybe failed to do so due to no running of the Prince of Wales Stakes. She was accompanied in 1991 by Dance Smartly. Also, Dance Smartly almost became the dam of another Triple Crown winner, but her son Scatter the Gold could only finish third in the 2000 running of the Breeders' Stakes after winning the first two legs.

Canadian Triple Crown winners
1932Queenswaych.f.Old Koenig - Chrysoberil, Verdun
1939Archworthch.c.Worthmore - Archipelago, Samoa
1945Uttermostb.c.Soleil du Midi - Uppermost, Cohort
1955Ace Marinech.c.Ace Admiral - Mazarine, Sweepster
1956Canadian Champb.c.Windfields - Bolesteo, Filisteo
1959New Providenceb.c.Bull Page - Fair Colleen, Preciptic
1963Caneborabr.c.Canadian Champ - Menebora, Menetrier
1989With Approvalgr.c.Caro - Passing Mood, Buckpasser
1990Izvestiagr.c.Icecapade - Shy Spirit, Personality
1991Dance Smartlyb.f.Danzig - Classy 'n Smart, Smarten
1993Peteskich.c.Affirmed - Vive, Nureyev
2003Wandoch.c.Langfuhr - Kathie's Colleen, Woodman

Winning connections

Breeder - owner - trainer:

Winners of two legs

To make clear numbers: 29 horses could only run in the Queen's Plate. 47 more were allowed to compete in only two legs of the future Triple Crown, and 17 of them became the winners of both of them. Including two horses, which missed their chance because of irregular runnings of the Prince of Wales's Stakes. Here's a complete list of the Canadian double classic winners.

The last horse who achieved this mark was a filly Wonder Gadot in 2018. Instead of competing in the final leg of the Triple Crown, her team sent her to run in the Travers Stakes.

Canadian double classic winners
YearQueen's PlatePrince of Wales StakesBreeders Stakes
1895Bonniefield (f)Bonniefield (f)Springfield - Bonnie Ino, Strachino
1899Butter ScotchButter ScotchDerwentwater - Sugar Plum, Bersan
1901John RuskinJohn RuskinJuggler - Rusina, Beaudesert
1902Lyddite (f)Lyddite (f)Derwenwater - Spark, Spendthrift
1906SlaughterSlaughterHavoc - Martyrdom, St. Blaise
1908SeismicSeismicHavoc - Semley, St. Serf
1910ParmerParmerThe Commoner - Placena, Loyalist
1911St. BassSt. BassBassetlaw - Lady Betz, Hanover
1913Hearts of OakHearts of OakBassetlaw - Lady Lightfoot, Greenback
1914Beehive Beehive Bassetlaw - My Honey, Yo El Rey
1916MandarinMandarinHavoc - Royal China, Worcester
1920St. PaulSt. PaulPlaudmore - Panthea, Bassetlaw
1921HerendesyHerendesyHeresy - Depends, The Friar
1928Young Kitty (f)Young Kitty (f)Old Koenig - Gallant Kitty, Havoc
1929Inaugural Running
1931Froth BlowerNo raceFroth BlowerCudgel - Chrysoberil, Verdun
1934HorometerNo raceHorometerHourless - Star Pal, North Star
1936SamoanSamoanSpey Pearl - Samoa, Cylgad
1940HoodHoodMarine - The Wishing Well, Viceroy
1948Last MarkLast MarkKoenigsmark - McTab, Lovetie
1950NephistoNephistoFairaris - Mademoiselle Satan, Sardanapale
1951Major FactorMajor FactorBoswell - Aldwych, Marine
1953Chain ReactionChain ReactionChop Chop - Erstwhile, Helter Skelter
1954Queen's OwnQueen's OwnWar Jeep - Sea Reigh, Reigh Count
1961Song of Even (f)Song of Even (f)Vimy - Evensong, The Phoenix
1965Good Old MortGood Old MortPromised Land - Blue Path, Blue Swords
1966Titled HeroTitled HeroCanadian Champ - Countess Angela, Bull Page
1970AlmonerAlmonerVictoria Park - Coup, War Relic
1975L'EnjoleurL'EnjoleurBuckpasser - Fanfreluche, Northern Dancer
1976NorcliffeNorcliffeBuckpasser - Drama School, Northern Dancer
1977Dance In TimeDance In TimeNorthern Dancer - Allegro, Chop Chop
1978OverskateOverskateNodouble - Overstate, Speak John
1982Runaway GroomRunaway GroomBlushing Groom - Yonnie Girl, Call the Witness
1986Golden ChoiceGolden ChoiceVal de l'Orne - Your My Choice, Barachois
1994BasqueianBasqueianBounding Basque - Valse Musette, Halo
1998Archer's BayArcher's BaySilver Deputy - Adorned, Val de l'Orne
2000Scatter the GoldScatter the GoldMr. Prospector - Dance Smartly, Danzig
2004A Bit O'GoldA Bit O'GoldGold Fever - Annasan, Corporate Report
2011Pender HarbourPender HarbourPhilantropist - Uproar, Hail the Ruckus
2018Wonder GadotWonder GadotMedaglia d'Oro - Loving Vindication, Vindication

Triple Tiara

The Canadian Triple Tiara differs from any version of the American series, and is completely held at Woodbine. The Woodbine Oaks were run as the Canadian Oaks until 2001.

Canadian Triple Tiara
Woodbine Oaks19561 1/8m
Bison City Stakes19541 1/16m
Wonder Where Stakes19651 1/4m

The Triple Tiara doesn't have such a dramatic history, as all of her races were inaugurated in the span of 12 years. In the meantime, no filly was able to win at least two legs; after more than 50 years of existence, it still has only one winner.

Canadian Triple Tiara winners
2007Sealy Hillb.f.Point Given - Boston Twist, Boston Harbor

Sealy Hill was bred by Eugene Melnyk, owned by his racing stables and traind by Mark Casse.

There were 19 more fillies who won two legs of the Triple Tiara, including nine Triple Tiara hopefuls. Here is a complete list of them:

Winners of two legs of Triple Tiara
YearWoodbine OaksBison City StakesWonder Where StakesPedigree
1965Northern QueenNorthern QueenNearctic - Victoriana, Windfields
1971Laurie's DancerLaurie's DancerNorthern Dancer - It's Ann, Royal Gem
1976Bye Bye ParisBye Bye ParisGrey Dawn - Bye Bye Bunty, Bunty Lawless
1978La VoyageuseLa VoyageuseTentam - Fanfreluche, Northern Dancer
1981Rainbow ConnectionRainbow ConnectionHalo - Hangin Round, Stage Door Johnny
1982AvowalAvowalL'Enjoleur - Well In Hand, Bold Ruler
1983Northern BlossomNorthern BlossomSnow Knight - Victorian Heiress, Northern Dancer
1984Classy 'n SmartClassy 'n SmartSmarten - No Class, Nodouble
1985In My CapIn My CapVice Regent - Passing Look, Buckpasser
1986PlaylistPlaylistMiswaki - Night Light, Northern Dancer
1992Hope for a BreezeHope for a BreezeBriartic - Rob Roy's Breeze, Carteret
1994MysteriouslyMysteriouslyAfleet - Puzzle Book, Text
1996Silent FleetSilent FleetSilent Screen - Fleet Way, Diplomat Way
1998Kirby's SongKirby's SongSultry Song - Impulsive Lady, Strike the Anvil
2000Catch the RingCatch the RingSeeking the Gold - Radiant Ring, Halo
2006KimchiKimchiLangfuhr - Alljazz, Stop the Music
2010Free Free LadyFree Free LadyVictory Gallop - Atocha Queen, Slew o'Gold
2014Lexie LouLexie LouSligo Bay - Oneexcessivenite, In Excess
2016CarenCarenSociety's Chariman - Jo Zak, Vilzak