Canadian Triple Crown
Author: Jana Nemeckova, published: 11th January 2018, updated: 2nd October 2018. A quick switch for the small-screens version.
The Canadian Triple Crown differs from its American counterpart in several aspects. It takes place later in the season, beginning with June or July, in spite of traditional early May start of the American version. And more importantly, each race is contested over a different surface, which is an unusual requirement for modern thoroughbreds.
Distances are the same as in the American version although they also varied over the years. The Queen's Plate, for example, was contested at several distances from one to two miles. And speaking of this race, it's not only the oldest race in Canada but also older race than any leg of the American Triple Crown. The first edition of Queen's Plate dates back to 1860, which was seven years earlier than the first running of the Belmont Stakes.
However, the American Triple Crown was compiled incomparably faster. The concept of the Triple Crown emerged late, approximately in the 1920s, but all future legs of the Triple Crown were founded in the span of mere 14 years. The situation in Canada was completely different. The youngest of the Canadian Triple Crown races, the Prince of Wales Stakes, was established in 1929, which made the whole series impossible for almost seventy years after the first running of the Queen's Plate. However, it took even 17 more years before the race was held annually. During this period, from 1929 to 1946, three horses won the Triple Crown, and two others lost their chance only because there were just two races.
The Canadian Triple Crown was officially established in 1959, and seven horses won the whole series since then. In 2014, the Canadian Hall of Fame honored five more horses who won the series prior to its formal establishment.
|Queen's Plate||1860||1 1/4m||tapeta||June / July||Woodbine||Toronto, Ontario|
|Prince of Wales Stakes||1929||1 3/16m||dirt||July||Fort Erie||Fort Erie, Ontario|
|Breeders' Stakes||1889||1 1/2m||turf||August||Woodbine||Toronto, Ontario|
The Canadian Triple Crown has several curiosities. It has the same pair of a sire and his son, who won the Triple Crown, like the U.S. pair of Gallant Fox and Omaha - it's Canadian Champ, the winner from 1956, and his son Canebora, who won only seven years later.
It has also its consequent winners - not only two like the U.S. Triple Crown, but three in a row - With Approval, Izvestia, and Dance Smartly from 1989 to 1991; they were closely followed by Peteski in 1993.
Kinghaven Farms bred and owned two winners of the Triple Crown - grey colts With Approval and Izvestia, who shared the same granddam, the Canadian Oaks winner Cool Mood. Both colts were trained by Roger Attfield, who added his third Triple Crown winner three years after Izvestia, with a chestnut colt named Peteski. Who was, by the way, son of the U.S. Triple Crown winner Affirmed.
Another double breeder - owner was Edward P. Taylor, who bred and owned not only winners New Providence and Canebora but also bred Canebora's sire Canadian Champ, who was later owned by Bill Beasley during his career.
And finally, unlike the U.S. Triple Crown, Canadian equivalent has a female winner - or two of them, to be exact. The very first horse ever who won the Canadian Triple Crown was a chestnut filly Queensway in 1932 - one year after her half-brother Froth Blower maybe failed to do so due to no running of the Prince of Wales Stakes. She was accompanied in 1991 by Dance Smartly. Also, Dance Smartly almost became the dam of another Triple Crown winner, but her son Scatter the Gold could only finish third in the 2000 running of the Breeders' Stakes after winning the first two legs.
|1932||Queensway||ch.f.||Old Koenig - Chrysoberil, Verdun||Robert W.R. Cowie||Robert W.R. Cowie||Harry Giddings Jr.|
|1939||Archworth||ch.c.||Worthmore - Archipelago, Samoa||William Henry Wright||George McCullagh||Mark Cowell|
|1945||Uttermost||b.c.||Soleil du Midi - Uppermost, Cohort||Harry C. Hatch||Harry C. Hatch||Cecil Howard|
|1955||Ace Marine||ch.c.||Ace Admiral - Mazarine, Sweepster||Carr Hatch||Larkin Maloney||Yonnie Starr|
|1956||Canadian Champ||b.c.||Windfields - Bolesteo, Filisteo||Edward P. Taylor||W.R. „Bill" Beasley||John Passero|
|1959||New Providence||b.c.||Bull Page - Fair Colleen, Preciptic||Edward P. Taylor||Windfields Farm||Gordon J. McCann|
|1963||Canebora||br.c.||Canadian Champ - Menebora, Menetrier||Edward P. Taylor||Windfields Farm||Gordon J. McCann|
|1989||With Approval||gr.c.||Caro - Passing Mood, Buckpasser||Kinghaven Farms||Kinghaven Farms||Roger Attfield|
|1990||Izvestia||gr.c.||Icecapade - Shy Spirit, Personality||Kinghaven Farms||Kinghaven Farms||Roger Attfield|
|1991||Dance Smartly||b.f.||Danzig - Classy 'n Smart, Smarten||Sam-Son Farm||Sam-Son Farm||James E. Day|
|1993||Peteski||ch.c.||Affirmed - Vive, Nureyev||Barry Schwartz||Earle I. Mack||Roger Attfield|
|2003||Wando||ch.c.||Langfuhr - Kathie's Colleen, Woodman||Gus Schickedanz||Gus Schickedanz||Michael Keogh|
Winners of two legs
To make clear numbers: 29 horses could only run in the Queen's Plate. 47 more were allowed to compete in only two legs of the future Triple Crown, and 17 of them became the winners of both of them. Including two horses, which missed their chance because of irregular runnings of the Prince of Wales's Stakes. Here's a complete list of the Canadian double classic winners.
The last horse who achieved this mark was a filly Wonder Gadot in 2018. Instead of competing in the final leg of the Triple Crown, her team sent her to run in the Travers Stakes.
|Year||Queen's Plate||Prince of Wales Stakes||Breeders Stakes||Pedigree|
|1891||Victorious||Victorious||Terror - Bonnie Vic, Vicksburg|
|1895||Bonniefield (f)||Bonniefield (f)||Springfield - Bonnie Ino, Strachino|
|1899||Butter Scotch||Butter Scotch||Derwentwater - Sugar Plum, Bersan|
|1901||John Ruskin||John Ruskin||Juggler - Rusina, Beaudesert|
|1902||Lyddite (f)||Lyddite (f)||Derwenwater - Spark, Spendthrift|
|1906||Slaughter||Slaughter||Havoc - Martyrdom, St. Blaise|
|1908||Seismic||Seismic||Havoc - Semley, St. Serf|
|1910||Parmer||Parmer||The Commoner - Placena, Loyalist|
|1911||St. Bass||St. Bass||Bassetlaw - Lady Betz, Hanover|
|1913||Hearts of Oak||Hearts of Oak||Bassetlaw - Lady Lightfoot, Greenback|
|1914||Beehive||Beehive||Bassetlaw - My Honey, Yo El Rey|
|1916||Mandarin||Mandarin||Havoc - Royal China, Worcester|
|1920||St. Paul||St. Paul||Plaudmore - Panthea, Bassetlaw|
|1921||Herendesy||Herendesy||Heresy - Depends, The Friar|
|1928||Young Kitty (f)||Young Kitty (f)||Old Koenig - Gallant Kitty, Havoc|
|1931||Froth Blower||No race||Froth Blower||Cudgel - Chrysoberil, Verdun|
|1934||Horometer||No race||Horometer||Hourless - Star Pal, North Star|
|1936||Samoan||Samoan||Spey Pearl - Samoa, Cylgad|
|1940||Hood||Hood||Marine - The Wishing Well, Viceroy|
|1948||Last Mark||Last Mark||Koenigsmark - McTab, Lovetie|
|1950||Nephisto||Nephisto||Fairaris - Mademoiselle Satan, Sardanapale|
|1951||Major Factor||Major Factor||Boswell - Aldwych, Marine|
|1953||Chain Reaction||Chain Reaction||Chop Chop - Erstwhile, Helter Skelter|
|1954||Queen's Own||Queen's Own||War Jeep - Sea Reigh, Reigh Count|
|1961||Song of Even (f)||Song of Even (f)||Vimy - Evensong, The Phoenix|
|1965||Good Old Mort||Good Old Mort||Promised Land - Blue Path, Blue Swords|
|1966||Titled Hero||Titled Hero||Canadian Champ - Countess Angela, Bull Page|
|1970||Almoner||Almoner||Victoria Park - Coup, War Relic|
|1975||L'Enjoleur||L'Enjoleur||Buckpasser - Fanfreluche, Northern Dancer|
|1976||Norcliffe||Norcliffe||Buckpasser - Drama School, Northern Dancer|
|1977||Dance In Time||Dance In Time||Northern Dancer - Allegro, Chop Chop|
|1978||Overskate||Overskate||Nodouble - Overstate, Speak John|
|1982||Runaway Groom||Runaway Groom||Blushing Groom - Yonnie Girl, Call the Witness|
|1986||Golden Choice||Golden Choice||Val de l'Orne - Your My Choice, Barachois|
|1994||Basqueian||Basqueian||Bounding Basque - Valse Musette, Halo|
|1998||Archer's Bay||Archer's Bay||Silver Deputy - Adorned, Val de l'Orne|
|2000||Scatter the Gold||Scatter the Gold||Mr. Prospector - Dance Smartly, Danzig|
|2004||A Bit O'Gold||A Bit O'Gold||Gold Fever - Annasan, Corporate Report|
|2011||Pender Harbour||Pender Harbour||Philantropist - Uproar, Hail the Ruckus|
|2018||Wonder Gadot||Wonder Gadot||Medaglia d'Oro - Loving Vindication, Vindication|
The Canadian Triple Tiara differs from any version of the American series, and is completely held at Woodbine:
|Woodbine Oaks - formerly Canadian Oaks||1956||1 1/8m||Woodbine||Toronto, Ontario|
|Bison City Stakes||1954||1 1/16m||Woodbine||Toronto, Ontario|
|Wonder Where Stakes||1965||1 1/4m||Woodbine||Toronto, Ontario|
The Triple Tiara doesn't have such a dramatic history, as all of her races were inaugurated in the span of 12 years. In the meantime, no filly was able to win at least two legs; after more than 50 years of existence, it still has only one winner.
|2007||Sealy Hill||b.f.||Point Given - Boston Twist, Boston Harbor||Eugene Melnyk||Melnyk Racing Stable||Mark E. Casse|
There were 19 more fillies who won two legs of the Triple Tiara, including nine Triple Tiara hopefuls. Here is a complete list of them:
|Year||Woodbine Oaks||Bison City Stakes||Wonder Where Stakes||Pedigree|
|1965||Northern Queen||Northern Queen||Nearctic - Victoriana, Windfields|
|1971||Laurie's Dancer||Laurie's Dancer||Northern Dancer - It's Ann, Royal Gem|
|1976||Bye Bye Paris||Bye Bye Paris||Grey Dawn - Bye Bye Bunty, Bunty Lawless|
|1978||La Voyageuse||La Voyageuse||Tentam - Fanfreluche, Northern Dancer|
|1981||Rainbow Connection||Rainbow Connection||Halo - Hangin Round, Stage Door Johnny|
|1982||Avowal||Avowal||L'Enjoleur - Well In Hand, Bold Ruler|
|1983||Northern Blossom||Northern Blossom||Snow Knight - Victorian Heiress, Northern Dancer|
|1984||Classy 'n Smart||Classy 'n Smart||Smarten - No Class, Nodouble|
|1985||In My Cap||In My Cap||Vice Regent - Passing Look, Buckpasser|
|1986||Playlist||Playlist||Miswaki - Night Light, Northern Dancer|
|1992||Hope for a Breeze||Hope for a Breeze||Briartic - Rob Roy's Breeze, Carteret|
|1994||Mysteriously||Mysteriously||Afleet - Puzzle Book, Text|
|1996||Silent Fleet||Silent Fleet||Silent Screen - Fleet Way, Diplomat Way|
|1998||Kirby's Song||Kirby's Song||Sultry Song - Impulsive Lady, Strike the Anvil|
|2000||Catch the Ring||Catch the Ring||Seeking the Gold - Radiant Ring, Halo|
|2006||Kimchi||Kimchi||Langfuhr - Alljazz, Stop the Music|
|2010||Free Free Lady||Free Free Lady||Victory Gallop - Atocha Queen, Slew o'Gold|
|2014||Lexie Lou||Lexie Lou||Sligo Bay - Oneexcessivenite, In Excess|
|2016||Caren||Caren||Society's Chariman - Jo Zak, Vilzak|